Grove - Barometer Sensor

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Contents

Introduction

This Grove - Barometer Sensor features a Bosch BMP085 high-accuracy chip to detect barometric pressure and temperature. It can widely measure pressure ranging from 300hPa to 1100hPa, AKA +9000m to -500m above sea level, with a super high accuracy of 0.03hPa(0.25m) in ultra-high resolution mode. The chip only accepts 1.8V to 3.6V input voltage. However, with outer circuit added, this module becomes compatible with 3.3V and 5V. Therefore, it can be used on Arduino/Seeeduino or Seeeduino Stalker without modification. It is designed to be connected directly to a micro-controller via the I2C bus.
Model:SEN05291P

Grove-Barometer.jpg

Features

  • Digital two wire (I2C) interface
  • Wide barometric pressure range
  • Flexible supply voltage range
  • Ultra-low power consumption
  • Low noise measurement
  • Fully calibrated
  • Temperature measurement included

Application Ideas

  • Enhancement of GPS navigation
  • Indoor and outdoor navigation
  • Leisure and sports
  • Weather forecast
  • Vertical velocity indication (rise/sink speed)

Specifications

Item Min Typical Max Unit
Voltage 3 5 5.5 VDC
Current 89 / 130 uA
Pressure Range 300 / 1100 hPa
Faster I2C data transfer / / 3.4 MHZ
Dimension 20.4*24.3*9.7 mm
Weight 2 g

Usage

With Arduino

Barometric condition is one of the criteria used to predict coming change in weather and deduce altitude above sea level. Here is a demo to show you how to read the barometric data from this Grove - Barometer Sensor.

1. Connect it to IIC port of Seeeduino or Grove - Base Shield via a Grove cable. And connect Arduino to PC via a USB cable.
Grove - Barometer Sensor hard.JPG

2. Download the library file:Barometer_Sensor Library;Unzip it into the libraries file of Arduino IDE by the path: ..\arduino-1.0.1\libraries.
3. Create a new Arduino sketch and paste the codes below to it or open the code directly by the path:File -> Example ->Barometer_Sensor->Barometer_Sensor.

/* Barometer demo V1.0
* Based largely on code by  Jim Lindblom
* Get pressure, altitude, and temperature from the BMP085.
* Serial.print it out at 9600 baud to serial monitor.
*
* By:http://www.seeedstudio.com
*/
#include "Barometer.h"
#include <Wire.h>
float temperature;
float pressure;
float atm;
float altitude;
Barometer myBarometer;
void setup(){
  Serial.begin(9600);
  myBarometer.init();
  
}

void loop()
{
   temperature = myBarometer.bmp085GetTemperature(myBarometer.bmp085ReadUT()); //Get the temperature, bmp085ReadUT MUST be called first
   pressure = myBarometer.bmp085GetPressure(myBarometer.bmp085ReadUP());//Get the temperature
   altitude = myBarometer.calcAltitude(pressure); //Uncompensated calculation - in Meters 
   atm = pressure / 101325; 
  
  Serial.print("Temperature: ");
  Serial.print(temperature, 2); //display 2 decimal places
  Serial.println("deg C");

  Serial.print("Pressure: ");
  Serial.print(pressure, 0); //whole number only.
  Serial.println(" Pa");

  Serial.print("Ralated Atmosphere: ");
  Serial.println(atm, 4); //display 4 decimal places

  Serial.print("Altitude: ");
  Serial.print(altitude, 2); //display 2 decimal places
  Serial.println(" m");

  Serial.println();

  delay(1000); //wait a second and get values again.
}

4. Open the serial monitor to receive the sensor's data including temperature, barometric pressure value, relative atmosphere pressure and altitude. 
Barometer Sensor.jpg


The following is a reference graph plotting out the relationship between altitude above sea level and barometric pressure.
Pressure and Altitude.jpg


With Raspberry Pi

1.You should have got a raspberry pi and a grovepi or grovepi+.
2.You should have completed configuring the development enviroment, otherwise follow here.
3.Connection

  • Plug the barometer sensor into the i2c sockets on grovepi.

4.Navigate to the demos' directory:

   cd yourpath/GrovePi/Software/Python/grove_barometer/adafruit/
  • To see the code
   nano grove_i2c_barometic_sensor_example.py   # "Ctrl+x" to exit #
#!/usr/bin/python

import smbus
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
#import grovepi
from grove_i2c_barometic_sensor import BMP085

# ===========================================================================
# Example Code
# ===========================================================================

# Initialise the BMP085 and use STANDARD mode (default value)
# bmp = BMP085(0x77, debug=True)
bmp = BMP085(0x77, 1)

# To specify a different operating mode, uncomment one of the following:
# bmp = BMP085(0x77, 0)  # ULTRALOWPOWER Mode
# bmp = BMP085(0x77, 1)  # STANDARD Mode
# bmp = BMP085(0x77, 2)  # HIRES Mode
# bmp = BMP085(0x77, 3)  # ULTRAHIRES Mode

rev = GPIO.RPI_REVISION
if rev == 2 or rev == 3:
    bus = smbus.SMBus(1)
else:
    bus = smbus.SMBus(0)

temp = bmp.readTemperature()

# Read the current barometric pressure level
pressure = bmp.readPressure()

# To calculate altitude based on an estimated mean sea level pressure
# (1013.25 hPa) call the function as follows, but this won't be very accurate
# altitude = bmp.readAltitude()

# To specify a more accurate altitude, enter the correct mean sea level
# pressure level.  For example, if the current pressure level is 1023.50 hPa
# enter 102350 since we include two decimal places in the integer value
altitude = bmp.readAltitude(101560)

print "Temperature: %.2f C" % temp
print "Pressure:    %.2f hPa" % (pressure / 100.0)
print "Altitude:    %.2f m" % altitude

5.Run the demo.

   sudo python grove_i2c_barometic_sensor_example.py

6.Result

Grovepi barometer sensor 00.png

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