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      UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition
      UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition
      UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition
      UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition
      UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition
      UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition
      UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition

      UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition

      SKU 113990396
      $945.00
      2 Available
      $897.75/10pcs+
      $850.50/20pcs+
      $803.25/50pcs+
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      Description


      1.Hardware

      PK-1000 is a cm-level accurate positioning / distance measuring kit with independent intellectual property rights. It is featured with a scheduling system based on clock synchronization. This in-house developed scheduling system, combined with traditional UWB positioning technology, has enabled PK-1000 with the ability to solve the biggest problem in usual TOA (time of arrive) based UWB positioning method -- poorly configurable mesh network. This deficiency means that global positioning in a large complex environment cannot be achieved by usual UWB, while with PK-1000, it is possible. PK-1000 is suitable for research, as well as for integrating with any third-party products. Following the specification and manual of PK-1000, you can set up the kit by yourself , make use of it or further develop it freely.


      1.1Product images

      image.png


      1.2 Hardware components


      1.2.1 The tag

      image.png


      As illustrated inFigure 3,the hardware system of PK-100 tag includes 5parts:

      • MCU acquires the distance data measured by TAG, calculates the absolute coordinates of TAG, and processes data exchanged with outer processors through interfaces like Serial,CAN, and TCP.

      • TAG communicates with IR-UWB chip, controls the operative mode of IR-UWB,and communicates with Anchors within range.

      • TCP Server, Serial and CAN interfaces transmit data and receive order wirelessly. 

      • SWD and ISP are interfaces for code upgrade.

      • TAG is powered through micro USB or independent 5V DC socket.


      1.2.2 The anchor

      image.png

      As illustrated in Figure 4, the hardware system of PK-100 anchor includes 3 parts:

      • MCU communicates with IR-UWB chip, controls the operative mode of IR-UWB,and communicates with Tags within range.

      • Anchor ID can be set with DIP switch. For detailed instruction, please look into PK-1000 User Manual.

      • Anchor is powered by 5v micro USB.


      1.3 Definition of interfaces

      Please look into PK-1000 User Manual.


      1.4 Performance index of the hardware modules

      IR-UWB chip provided by Decawave has the following data rates:


      No.

      DataratesPreamblelength
      1 110Kbps

      3.042m

      2
      850Kbps

      380.3us

      36.8Mbps

      103.3us



      IR-UWB chip provided by Decawave has the followingchannels:

      No.Center frequencies(MHz)

      Bandwidth(MHz)

      13494.4

      499.2

      23993.6

      499.2

      34492.8

      499.2

      43993.6

      1331.2

      56489.6499.2
      66489.61081.6 


      By default, PK-1000 kit operates on channel 2, center frequencies is 3.994GHz,data rateis6.8Mbps.


      The signal power spectral density that PK-10000 transmits is -41Bm/MHz. With a bandwidth of 500MHz, the power of signal of PK-1000 is -14dBm, which is farbelowthat ofWIFIand Bluetooth.


      The average power of both PK-1000 tag and anchor is roughly 0.925w.


      1.5 Specification for physical layer


      1.5.1Dimensions

      The diameter of all four location holes on both PK-1000 tag and anchor is 3.1mm. Use M3 screws to fix PK-1000.

      image.png

      1.5.2Operatingtemperaturerange

      The operating temperature range of PK-1000 is from -40℃ to +85℃, this performance is guaranteed by TCXO(TemperatureControlledCrystalOscillator).


      2. Software

      2.1 Software of the microcontroller


      2.1.1Distance measurement


      2.1.1.1Theory of distance measurement

      The theory of PK-100 measuring distance is:

      Distance = Vl*Ttof


      (Vlis the velocity of light, Ttof is the duration of electromagnetic wave transmission)


      In order to restrain the influence ofcrystal oscillator deviation onTtof,PK-1000 is using Symmetric double-sided two-way ranging (SDSTWR) method, as illustrated in Figure7:

      image.png

      2.1.1.2 Measurement systems

      PK-1000 supports 3 different distance measurement systems, all of which are based on UWB TOF method. You can choose among these systems according to your own application scenario.


      (1) 1 tag, 1anchor

      image.png

      (2) 1 tag, Nanchors

      image.png

      (3) Mtags, Nanchors

      image.png

      PK-1000 is based on the in-house developed clock synchronization scheduling system, which is compatible for the aforementioned systems in both hardware and software. But for system 3 (M tags, N anchors), to assure the measuring frequency stays at 10Hz when all the tags are being measured, we advise you to use no more than 10 tags in the same system. There’s no restrains on the number of anchors.


      Attention:

      1. The clock synchronized scheduling system is an important feature of PK-1000. The excellent network capability of PK-1000 is owned to this feature. The positioning accuracy in a large and complex space is 20cm.


      2. There’s no restrains on the number of anchors. It means that a random tag can communicate with any four anchors, this random tag can choose and change the anchors it communicates with at any time.


      2.1.2 Coordinates calculation

      The positioning of PK-1000 refers to 2D positioning with X, Y coordinates.


      2.1.2.1 Calculation theory

      image.png

      PK-1000 positioning system is operational with only 3 anchors. The fourth anchor provides more distance data for the user, and therefore improve the accuracy and robustness of the system.


      2.1.2.2 Calculation result

      You can find the result in the host computer RLKit. For more information please look into PK-1000 User Manual.


      2.2 Software of the host computer


      2.2.1 Code upgrade

      PleaselookintoPK-1000 User Manual.


      2.2.2RLKit

      The host computer RLKit has the following functions:


      (1) Setup the connection between PK-1000 and RLKit.

      (2) Setup tag ID, its corresponding anchors’ID and coordinates.

      (3) Display the distances between tags and anchors, and the calculated coordinates of the tags in real-time.


      Please look into PK-1000 User Manual for more in formation.


      2.3 PK-1000 default parameters


      2.3.1 The default parameters of UWB

      Content

      Default value

      Channel

      Channel 2,

      Center frequency: 3.994GHz,

      Bandwidth: 500MHz

      Data rate6.8MHz
      Measuring frequency10Hz
      PANIDDECA


      2.3.2 The default parameters of PK-1000 tag WIFI module

      Content

      Default value

      Operating modeTCP Server
      SSIDBeiLa
      Password12345678
      IP address

      192.168.0.19

      Server port8080


      2.3.3 ThedefaultparametersofPK-1000tag serialports

      ContentDefault value
      Baud rate115200
      Data bit8
      Stop bit1
      Check bitNone


      3. PK-1000 performance demonstration


      3.1 Error performance of outdoor measurement (0-20m)

      image.png


      3.2 Volatility performance of indoor measurement


      (1) True value 679cm

      image.png


      (2) True value 423cm

      image.png


      (3) True value 179cm

      image.png


      Attention:

      1. PK-1000 UWB distance measuring performance differs between indoor and outdoor environments. This is caused by the indoor multi-path effect, the indoor measurement error is slightly bigger than outdoor, and the stability poorer. But this deviation won’t have big impact on the positioning.


      Technical Details

      WeightG.W 165g    N.W 156.5g
      BatteryExclude

      Part List

      Figure2 PK-1000 anchor4
      Figure 1 PK-1000 tag 1
      Antenna5

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      Questions and Answers

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        UWB PK-1000 Standard Edition

        SKU 113990396
        $945.00
        2 Available
        ADD TO CART
        $897.75/10pcs+
        $850.50/20pcs+
        $803.25/50pcs+
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